L'invenzione degli zingari. La questione rom tra antiziganismo, razzismo ed etnicizzazione

Sergio Bontempelli

Abstract


In the public discourse, Roma people are usually described as an ethnic minority, and their collective identity is supposed to be rooted in a substantive “ethnos”. A critical assessment on the history of groups targeted as “gypsies”, however, shows that the s.c. “Roma ethnical identity” is a social construction: in early modern Europe, for instance, public authorities considered the Gypsies as vagrants and peripatetics, not as members of a particular ethnic group. 
This article tries to define “Roma identity” as a social, historical and political construction: racist theories, administrative procedures, public discourses, as well as ethnic mobilizations of the Roma activists, have contributed to define the collective identity of Romani.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13136/2281-4582/2015.i6.326

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